Professor and Director Academics
Iqra University
Impact Factor
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Linking gold prices, fossil fuel costs and energy consumption to assess progress towards sustainable development goals in newly industrialized countries

Geoscience Frontiers

Indexing : Impact factor: 8.9, Scopus Q1

The continuous rise in global environmental challenges has led to urgency toward establishing a secure framework to achieve sustainable development goals. This study establishes a novel theoretical framework to analyze the role of energy prices, energy consumption, gold prices and economic growth on environmental degradation in newly industrialized economies. To realize sustainable development goals and foster environmental defence, this study utilizes CS-ARDL as the main econometric approach to investigate the asymmetric association between environmental degradation and relevant factors. We also use AMG, CS-DL, Driscoll-Kray and FGLS to enhance the robustness of our findings. Our econometric approach reveals that energy resource prices and renewable energy consumption reduce environmental degradation, while gold prices and fossil energy consumption elevate environmental pollutants. We also confirm the existence of the EKC hypothesis. The findings of our extensive analysis paved the way for a well-designed environmental policy for NIC economies should focus on renewable energy consumption, green investments, and structural changes.


Gold prices, Fossil fuel costs, Renewable Energy Consumption, Environmental degradation, Newly industrialized countries, COP27

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